The Not So Big Sleep



Doc Seidman Says….

….A recent world-class study by The National Sleep Foundation concluded that college aged students (18-25 years old) need seven to nine hours of sleep a night.  Studies also show that while some college students get plenty of good sleep, most fall about one to two hours short every night. That might not seem like a big deal but over the course of a week, a month, or a semester, it adds up.

It’s easy to see why. The college years are loaded with non-sleep activities such as academics, long hours at work so you can pay for college, and a healthy amount of socializing. Often, a good night’s sleep is just plain unattainable.

Walk around any college campus and you can see students catching up- or napping up- on the missing one to two hours of sleep in a variety of places. The college library is always a good place to observe many a student catching a few winks. Quiet spots can be found all over the library and even if you are not sleep deprived it is often hard to stay awake in such a peaceful setting. You might also see students snoozing away in a quiet corner of the recreation center, the dining hall, or any other hidden spot on campus.

Of course, many students wind up catching their zzzs in the college classroom. More often than not, you cannot blame them as the teacher is just plain boring. He or she drones on about European History, Organic Chemistry, or whatever else the average student doesn’t care much about, and dozing off can’t be avoided. Like the library, it’s tough for anyone to stay awake during those circumstances. Other times a long in-class movie- or even a short movie-  in a dark classroom will do the trick. Even if a student has every intention to watch the video, the combination of dialogue and a dark room changes the setting from attentive to siesta.

Ask any student, however, and they will tell you that they would prefer to do their sleeping in a nice comfortable bed and not an uncomfortable college desk. So, what’s preventing everyone from more bed sleeping and less campus catnaps? A major culprit would be the assortment of items college students typically consume. Foods many students consume regularly can interfere with the pleasant rhythms of a good night’s sleep.  Aside from sugar and grease, this would include the consumption of caffeinated beverages, energy drinks, and alcohol. These three beverages are practically “food groups” during the college years. They are hard to avoid. Other stimulants such as “speed,” be it prescription, over the counter, and/or from your local black-market dealer, contribute mightily to nighttime sleep deprivation as well. That’s almost a no-brainer. Even someone totally sleep deprived can tell you that.

Technology also plays a big part in collegiate insomnia. Any type of technology use within the hour before bedtime greatly reduces the chances of a restful night sleep. Sorry to say everyone, but this includes texting, sexting, and video games. Snapchat and Instagram are also no-nos. So is cramming to finish a paper. That is not good either so don’t cram. Get that paper done in a timely manner. Your professors can tell. Trust me.

The problems associated with sleep deprivation include an increase in mental health issues such as depression and anxiety. Sadly, these issues are already all too common on campus. Physical health issues can also arise from sleep deprivation making you more prone to get sick. You can become irritated more easily and attentive listening becomes troublesome. Another popular college activity is impacted too. Less sleep impacts sexual activity, leading to not only less drive, but less enjoyment.

So, what’s a college student to do? Achieving the recommended daily dose of sleep is certainly something easier said than done. Aside from cutting back on Red Bull and Budweiser, sleep researchers will tell you to put your technology away before bedtime. Creating a sleep conducive environment can also help. Keep your room dark, comfortable and cool. Try- as best you can, to create a regular sleep routine. Avoid going to sleep too late and stay away from rich foods before bedtime. For those still smoking cigarettes, know that they, and all tobacco products, are stimulants and will force your body to stay awake rather than go to sleep. Scientists also recommend using your bed for sleep and sex only and avoid using as a substitute for furniture. If you live in a dorm and your bed is really your only furniture, I don’t know what to tell you. Good luck with that.

I can tell you that there is little doubt that a good night sleep has a positive relationship with good health. There is not much more important than that. Except, perhaps that students that get six hours or less of sleep a night have a lower G.P.A. than those who get eight or more hours. So, if you are having a hard time keeping up with your coursework, get more sleep out of the classroom than in it.



Doc Seidman Says…..

….One hundred and sixty-six dollars and eighty-four cents can buy you a lot of things. It can get you 36 Frappuccinos® at Starbucks. Do you like Chick-fil-A?  Twenty-Five Chick-fil-A Chicken Deluxe Sandwiches are yours for that price. You can head over to 7-11 46 times for a mega Slurpee.  Guys, you can take your girl to a movie 18 times, or, surprise-  get 19 buckets of large popcorn.  For those of you not “borrowing” someone’s password, $166.84 can buy you 15 months of Netflix. (No charge for the chill, so I’m told.) More strikingly, $166.84 buys you one class worth of textbooks, on average, at your college bookstore. Now there’s a real surprise!

In 2015, Priceonomics, an online data analytics company, studied textbook pricing from the University of Virginia.  They reviewed prices from the 31 most common majors and came up with an average textbook price, per class, of $166.84. Of the 31 majors, textbooks for those studying Economics carried the biggest price tag at $317 while African American Studies had the lowest textbook burden for students at $80 a class.  Various college prep websites calculate an annual textbook expense at $1,200 a year. If a typical student takes 30 credits a year, the textbook cost per credit is $40. For a typical three credit class, that comes out to $120. If we factor in that some classes might not require a textbook, the $120 per class is most likely more like $150-$160.

The first question often asked is why textbooks are so expensive? A 2015 report in Business Insider claimed that because there are only a handful of textbook publishers, and many professors require specific editions, supply is limited and demand is high. Publishers truly have a lock on the market. Additionally, many courses now bundle the textbook purchase with other online resources that are available only with the purchase of an access code. Access expires at the end of the semester forcing the next group of students to repeat the purchase cycle. The rise of textbook “bundling” eliminates the used and rental books market which offer textbooks at a much lower price.

Apparently, students aren’t taking this lying down, or even sitting down. Studies show that 65% of students won’t purchase textbooks at some time throughout their college career. And who can blame them? One hundred and sixty-six dollars and eighty-four cents can buy things much more appealing than textbooks.

Sadly, this forces students into a difficult decision. Purchase the required books and resources or get by without them?  Students must reconcile not buying the required textbook with the degree in which it may impact their grade. College students are faced with enough difficult decisions, however, this one seems particularly unfair. With anxiety and stress on the rise within the college student population, the textbook dilemma doesn’t make college life any easier.

There are certainly alternatives. When it is possible to do so, students can save a great deal of money by buying second-hand textbooks or even renting them. Third party sites found on line also offer less expensive options. But again, many professors now try and get around this by bundling important class resources with the purchase of the textbook, thereby wiping away this savings. If you think about it, this is downright mean.

Another dissatisfier lies with professors who write and require a textbook they themselves have written. This can certainly be a double-edged sword as on one hand, they can direct the course precisely from the words they have written in the textbook. On the other hand, many students feel they are being punished by these same professors if they don’t buy the book. That too is a major dissatisfier.

When I visit various college bookstores, there does seem to be one category of textbooks in demand, at any price. Those would be the books required for any class about sexual health, trends, and education. Sex is certainly a popular activity in college and sitting in an academic classroom learning about the subject is becoming almost as popular. Aside from the various elective classes, many colleges now offer majors in Sexual Studies. This includes large universities such as Ohio State, Northwestern, University of Chicago, Yale, and Dartmouth (College), to name a few. I don’t know for sure but I would venture to say that the $135.28 students plunk down for a copy of Introducing the New Sexual Studies, 2nd edition, is a bargain. College bookstores probably struggle to keep Sex Matters: The Sexuality and Society Reader in stock, even at a price of $96.19. And if a student loan package pays for these textbooks, all the better. It’s Christmas in September.

As a professor, I didn’t teach Sexual Studies, I taught Marketing and Management. Those textbooks didn’t quite have the same appeal. Marketing for Hospitality and Tourism, 7th edition, by Phillip Kotler with a retail price of $171 didn’t quite have the same appeal as Sex Maters for College Students, or Essentials of Human Sexuality, at any price. Therefore, getting my students to purchase the Kotler book was uphill at best. I wanted my students to have the textbook but encouraged them to save money. I allowed them to rent books and even share books. I even allowed older editions and worked hard to not punish those students who did not have the most recent copy. To me, any textbook was better than no textbook.

Today’s college leaders and provosts are becoming more aware this is a problem. Some colleges now bundle e-textbooks into the tuition. Others now encourage faculty to provide less expensive options such as printed and bound class notes. There is also a growing movement to provide copyright-free, open-access textbooks. Unfortunately, only a small percent of schools have adopted this policy.

Until things change, students will continue to anguish over the battle between buying textbooks and having extra spending money. They must decide between fifteen months of Netflix and a few mega Slurpees, or one Kotler textbook. Hmmm…….

The Bright Side

smiling sun

Doc Seidman Says….

….Going away to college can bring about a whole litany of emotions. It can be fun. It can be scary. It can be enjoyable. It can be depressing. It can be life-changing. It can be anxiety-riddled. It can be many things. Most important, however, it should be productive. If the college did its job, you should leave a much better person than when you started.

More people than ever are now attending college. That is the good news. The bad news is that more people than ever are struggling with the experience.  Mental health concerns are on the rise as college leaders scramble to put systems in place to address this. Whereas this is certainly a growing concern, lest not forget that for most students, the college experience is favorable. It is positive. It is memorable. And most important, the years spent there are productive. The experience not only leads to better opportunities in life, it leads to a better life.

Whereas data show that graduates of a four-year program earn more money over their lifetime than their counterparts who do not graduate (over $1,000,000), there are other, less tangible benefits the experience brings. I classify these as the “FFO” benefits: Friends, Freedom, and Opportunity. They represent the bright side; experiences that will make going away to college a positive one. But don’t just take my word, take the word of recent graduates. When asked, they were all too happy to share the positive experiences college gave them. And almost in lockstep, they all said the same thing.


You may not know it when you are in college, but the people in your orbit, be it near or far, may become lifelong friends. It could be someone as obvious as your buddy who you hang around with regularly, or, it could be someone much less obvious such as the person you see occasionally in the dining hall. You just never know. It could be someone who lives in your dorm, or someone sitting in the same literature class. It could be someone you regularly run into at the campus Starbucks, or even someone who exercises on the same elliptical machine you do.

In today’s techno-driven world, it’s easy to stay connected. You can casually stay in touch after college via social media and deepen that relationship over time. After all, you have that commonality built in; you all attend the same school and share the same experiences, for better or worse.

Friends become like family. Sociologists will probably tell you that good friends replace your family over time. They are there for you. They’ll be at your wedding and celebrate special occasions with you. They’ll be there for you during good times and bad times. That’s what friends do. And that’s what college does. It creates friends.


Almost everyone would agree that the freedom going away to college brings is a double-edged sword. Nobody is now forcing you to attend that 9:00 AM class. That’s the good news. The bad news is nobody is forcing you to attend that 9:00 AM class. But putting aside the issues all that newfound freedom brings, freedom, if managed correctly, can be a great thing. It can help you grow and learn. It can open the door for your curiosities and bring you new experiences. Being away in college gets you out of the bubble of the world your parents provided for you and allows you to pursue your curiosities. Whether it’s meeting new people or exploring newfound sexual freedoms, simply feeling free is something to be cherished. Going away to college provides that. (Don’t let your parents lecture you about this. More than likely they enjoyed their freedoms too, back in the day.)


No matter where you attend college, opportunities abound. You have an opportunity to study new things, travel to new places, and explore new cultures. You can have your resume spruced up at a career service office and find an internship or cool job at an exciting company. While you’re at it, apply for many jobs. You’re a college student. You are in demand.  Get to know your professors. They’re not all old and crusty. And besides, they may very well serve as a lifelong reference. You can learn a new language, a new musical instrument, or even a new sport. (My freshman year roommate was from the deep south. First thing he wanted to do in our upstate New York university was learn how to ski.) You can find a new hobby or discover a new passion. Opportunities are everywhere; you just need to go after them. Many graduates look back on their experience and regret they did not take advantage of everything college provided them. Whereas it’s rare to find the person who does everything, don’t be regretful. Take advantage. Learn new things.


True, the college experience can certainly have a dark side. That’s normal. (Life does too, as a matter of point.) It is o.k. to acknowledge this. If the experience leaves you sad and anxious, seek the help you need, but try and look at the bright side. There are so many great experiences out there for you to discover and enjoy. Find them and jump in. Take advantage of all that college has to offer. And if the college does its job, you will leave a better person. Students must do their part too. If you do, there is no doubt that you will leave a better person.

Yes, college does have a bright side.

*Special thanks to the outstanding staff at Affordable College Prep for their guidance with this post

The Campus Tour: Know Before They Go

college tour

Doc Seidman Says….

….Touring a college campus can be a valuable experience. A formal campus tour will give prospective students and their families an idea of what the college experience will be like. In a previous post I had some fun with the campus tour pointing out areas that you probably won’t see but should. Whereas there is some truth to that (who doesn’t want to see where the best pizza is?), it was largely written with a tongue in cheek approach. There is a serious side to the campus tour, however, and parents need to prepare accordingly. Sending a family member to college is a big investment, and like any other big purchase, important facts need to be presented and questions need to be asked before the purchase is made.

The tour usually begins with an orientation given in a small to medium sized auditorium, depending on the size of the group. Here, an admissions office representative will greet the students, present the campus strengths and review the admissions requirements.  This can last anywhere from a half an hour to an hour depending on the amount of information the college chooses to present. Afterwards, a current student will take smaller groups on a tour of the campus. Common sites include viewing a sample dorm room, the student dining center(s), a classroom building, the main library, the recreation and fitness center, as well as any other important areas the college wants you to see.

Tour guides will stop throughout the tour and discuss important subjects such as campus clubs and organizations, the athletic events offered, and the various facts about student technology needs (Wi-Fi and printing services, for example).  Whereas this is a valuable information, most colleges will only showcase the areas they want you to see. They will present the topics they want you to know. The college, after all, is trying to sell itself. They are putting their best foot forward.

If you are a parent about to send your son or daughter away to college, there are things you should also know. They might not be as sexy as the new recreation center but they are critical to your son or daughter’s success nonetheless. A campus tour guide may or may not point them out. You need to ask. More important, your tour guide or admissions representative should know the answers.

Here are five important questions:

  1. What systems are in place for advising first-year students?

The first year of college is the most critical for your son or daughter. If students aren’t happy or don’t feel comfortable, they are more prone to leave than students who are content. Colleges don’t want to lose these students. They want them there. Almost every college has systems in place to keep the freshmen students engaged and happy. Nowhere is this more important than through a robust freshman advising system. Students should receive regular advising from a full-time faculty member as well as other campus support staff. If this information is not shared with you during the tour, ask about it. A smart move would be to ask the student tour guide about the advising he or she received during their freshman year. You will most likely receive an honest, candid reply.

  1. What are the on-campus tutoring options? How is the tutoring center staffed and how many students utilize it?

Just about every college offers some type of on campus, complimentary tutoring for students. You may get to see the outside of this academic support building somewhere during the tour. This office can be an integral part of your son or daughter’s academic support as many students need some help with academics at some point.  Many students who need academic support avoid getting help from the on-campus facility. There are many reasons for this, the most notable being ego. Students feel too proud to be seen struggling in something. Try and get a peek at the inside of this building. Is it busy? Ask questions about the tutoring services students can receive. Meet some of the staff if you can. It is important that anyone needing academic help not only receives the support, but feels comfortable doing so.

  1. What are the drug and alcohol policies on campus, particularly in the dormitories?

I have yet to hear this subject come up during a campus tour. Each campus’s policy will vary so it is good to know what the policies are for each campus you visit. Some schools have strict policies while others are laxer. Will your son or daughter get in trouble if drugs and or alcohol are found in his or her dorm room? If it is a strict campus, he or she might be innocent but guilty by association. It is good to know this in advance.

  1. What happens if your son or daughter gets sick and needs to see a doctor?

Some tour guides are happy to point out the campus infirmary and the great services it provides. That’s generally all they know unless they have had a personal experience with it. For services that require care beyond the campus infirmary, details are sketchy. They shouldn’t be. This is important. Don’t let your tour guide gloss over this. Sadly, students do get sick and need care beyond what the campus infirmary provides. Parents should ask how this is handled. What are the related costs of receiving extra medical attention? Also, if a sickness forces a student to miss many classes, how does it get handled? Don’t wait until it is too late to find out.

  1. What does the college have in place to respond to the mental health needs of the students?

The subject of mental health, whereby extremely critical, never comes up. Mental health issues such as anxiety and depression are all too common in college and need to be properly diagnosed and treated. This should best be discussed privately with an admissions representative after the tour. How common are these issues and how do colleges respond? Students and parents need to know.

Are Elite Schools Worth It?


Doc Seidman Says……

…..Is attending an elite school worth the money? In my opinion, and this is only an opinion, the short answer is yes. A longer answer is yes, but.

What are elite schools?  I think that anyone taking the time to read this knows what they are. Elite schools include, and go beyond Ivy League schools. They include schools that are highly selective. ACT and SAT scores need to be high……really high. Taking AP classes and acing the exams in high school is a must as well. Additionally, applicants should have a stellar leadership record in high school with several genuine reference letters at the ready.

Intuitively, elite school graduates get the best jobs at the best salaries. They provide access to the best faculty. Networking opportunities abound as classmates might have parents, uncles, aunts, and cousins who can provide access to the best companies. The name and reputation of the school have a lot to offer and can be powerful career launchers.

One of the best benefits of attending an elite school comes when you are older. When you are forty years old and want to change jobs and/or careers, your resume with your elite school prominently displayed often goes to the front of the pile. It is more apt to get read than other resumes. Your chances of obtaining the new job are greater.  You are not thinking about this when you are in your twenties, but if/when you make a change, your elite school diploma is a huge asset.

Understand, however, that even with an elite school on your resume, a job offer is not a sure thing. There are many companies that avoid elite school graduates. They feel they do not fit into their company culture. Furthermore, applicants may come across as too “elite school standoffish” during the interview. Your asking price could be too high. Graduating from an elite school could have a downside. That is the “yes, but” I mentioned earlier.

Another very important downside is that elite schools come with a cost. The majority are very expensive.  Tuition, housing, food, and everything else can be over $250,000 for a four-year experience. That’s a lot of money. Is it worth it? That depends on the amount of debt you will need to take on to attend your elite school.

Let’s say you are accepted to both State U and Elite U. State U is a public school in the state where you live. It has a pretty good reputation. Since college enrollment is based on supply and demand, and you are in demand, they may have offered you some extra money to attend. This means you most likely will be able to graduate debt free. That’s a very good thing.

Elite U is one of the top schools in the country. They, too, have offered you some extra grant and scholarship money, however, you will have to borrow money from either the federal government, or the private banking system, or both, to attend. When you graduate, you will have a diploma from an elite school, but you will also have a significant debt load.

Before you make your decision about which school to attend, think carefully about your four-year debt load you obtained by attending Elite U. Find a student loan calculator on line and compute how much your monthly loan payments will be once you graduate. Look at that number carefully. Is that an amount you feel you can comfortably afford to pay every month for ten years (or more)?

If you determine the cost of your elite education would be too much, it is o.k. Take the time to read Frank Bruni’s terrific book, “Where You Go Is Not Who You Will Be.” It is filled with success stories from industry leaders who chose the schools less elite. It might help you with your decision and feel better about choosing State U over Elite U. A debt free after-college world is also a very good thing.

If you are in the category of students who can afford to attend Elite U, good for you- but take advantage of the opportunity. Take the time to know your professors. Get involved in campus activities and find friends you can relate to. After all, an elite school experience can reap many benefits, but it will take you only as far as you allow it to.

Five Predictors of College Success


Doc Seidman Says…..

….As high school students across the country begin receiving their college acceptance notices, they are brimming with enthusiasm and optimism. And why not? The transition from high school to college is an exciting time. It is a time to begin a new life, make new friends, and welcome new experiences. As the chill of winter turns into the warmth of spring, it almost feels as if life begins anew.

Unfortunately, there is a harsh reality about the college journey.  Statistics say that not even six out of ten college students complete their degree in six years. The percent is even lower for a first-generation student, or someone from a lower income family, or from Hispanic or African American origin. In some cases, the odds of completing are as low as 35%. As harsh as those numbers can seem, they are important to know. Students need to be aware that successfully completing the college experience can be an uphill climb. When they get to college, they need to take steps to make sure they are among the group that succeeds.

Here are five important tips for success:

  1. Know that everyone has a setback along the way

One of the big reasons why first-generation students (those who are the first in their families to go to college) struggle is the lack of support they often receive from their family when there is a setback. Almost every student has a setback or two, or three during the first year in college. Most commonly, this involves an academic issue of some sort. Whether it is failing a test, forgetting to turn in an assignment, or underperforming in a class, know that this is a typical experience for many students. Family members lacking college experience do not always realize this. They may discourage continuing and encourage the student to return home. Students experiencing a setback should instead pick themselves up, dust themselves off, and fodder on. Setbacks and failures are common and should be viewed as something to learn from.

  1. Find a smart friend

To avoid, or at the very least minimize having an academic setback, students should make friends with someone smarter than they are. College is a perfect place to make new friends, many of whom may turn out to be lifelong friends. Choose friends carefully. That person who always seems on the verge of failing out might be a lot of fun, but they probably can’t help with difficult chemistry homework. Find someone who will. Friends don’t let friends drop out of college.

  1. Join something

In an earlier blog post, I discuss the importance of joining a club or organization while at college. (Join the Band). Joining something is not only a way to be immersed in the campus culture, but a great way to make new friends and stay involved with the campus. Involvement is good.  Good out-of-the-class experiences are not only important, they can be fun. Having fun while at college puts students on a solid path to graduating.

  1. Take an on-campus job

The Department of Education states that 78% of college students work while at college. Having a job while attending college is pretty much a necessity for most students. If a student must work, they are best served by finding an on-campus job. This could be either working for the school or an outside organization (Starbucks, for example) that has a presence on campus. This, too, keeps students engaged with the campus community. Driving to another town for a job reduces the connection with school and increases the chances of dropping classes, taking a reduced course load, not completing on time, or not completing at all. Stay on campus to work.

  1. Keep applying for scholarships

No surprise to many, but not having the financial resources to stay in school is a big reason while students do not complete. Under-resourced students often give it a try, but come sophomore or junior year, they realize the financial burden of going to school is too much. Scholarships can help. Colleges will point to scholarships that are governed by the school, but understand that there are millions of dollars available in private scholarships. Students should take the time and effort to find these scholarships, fill out the applications, and write the essays. This can be well worth it. Not only can scholarships provide the resources to stay in school, but they can be more productive than having a second or third part time job. A $500 scholarship that takes someone ten hours to complete the application equates to a part time job paying $50 an hour. That’s good money! The essay shouldn’t be a problem. If you are reading this, you are a blogger. That means you enjoy writing. Take the time and write that application. It could be the difference between being in the 60% that graduates in a timely manner, or the 40% that does not.

Join the Band (or something else)



Doc Seidman Says…

…. There are many things you can do to help yourself while in college. You can learn how to study properly, maintain a healthy lifestyle, and make good friends. Perhaps the best thing you can do, however, is to join a club or organization.

Most college students have probably heard this advice ad nauseam, almost to the point of where they purposely don’t want to join anything out of spite. To some, being the “anti-involved” student is the desired choice. That is flawed thinking. College is all about training your brain to make smart, not flawed decisions. Therefore, make a smart decision and join something.

Being a part of a club or organization gets you involved with the campus community. It allows you to make some new friends and even have some fun. You become more engaged in your college experience which in turn makes you a happier student. Happy is good. Happy means you are going to come back to school each fall and (hopefully) graduate in a timely manner. Happy also means you will become a proud alum. This makes your college quite happy.

What to join? Most colleges, even those with a smaller student body, give you many options. They list them on their website and remind you of them when you take a college tour. Most prominently, there is athletics, both organized and recreational. Almost all colleges have some type of sporting event or activity you can get involved with. If you are not the sporty type, there is the student newspaper. Not the wordy type, there is drama or music. There are religious organizations; political organizations; service organizations, and activist organizations you can participate in. Many colleges offer a club based on your area of study. You can join the Physics Club, the Math Club, The Hospitality Club, The Spanish Club, Future Engineers, Future Accountants, Future Botanists, The Philosophy Club, and on and on. There are clubs and organizations for computer programmers, computer hackers, debaters, singers, dancers, and even magicians. But wait. The college you are joining doesn’t have a Magicians Club? You can probably start one. Almost all schools have a process for which you can start your own organization. Follow the proper steps and your club for magicians can magically appear.

When I was in college I joined the band; the marching band to be more specific (go ahead and laugh). Don’t chuckle too hard because it was the smartest thing I did while at college. I got to see new places as we travelled with the football team. I also made a ton of new friends; many of which I am still in contact with today, thirty plus years later. Being part of the band kept me engaged with the school and most certainly made me a happier student. When I had a tough day in the academic or residential world, my friends in the band were always there to pick me up. Looking back, it was probably the difference between graduating from Cornell University and transferring somewhere else.

Don’t be the “anti-involved” student. The “anti-involved” student is typically angry and bitter and won’t have the same degree of fun as their “involved” student counterparts. College is an important time in your life. Make the most of it. Be smart. Get involved. Join something.